The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has been working with the Chinese Government, other UN agencies and international development partners since 1979. The launch of UNFPA’s first Country Programme in China marked the first time that the Chinese Government received assistance from any international agency in relation to population issues.
UNFPA’s work in China has expanded from initial assistance to the organization and processing of the national population and housing census in 1982, to building institutional and professional capabilities in demographic analysis, reproductive health, ageing, youth and gender. At present it supports the government to respond to challenges associated with changing population dynamics, including rapid ageing, urbanization and migration, the changing profile and needs of young people, gender based violence, the sex ratio at birth imbalance, as well as improvement in the quality of maternal and child health care services.
The evolving nature of UNFPA’s work in China over the past 30 years is closely connected to changes in global thinking towards population and development issues and the changing social context in China. The Country Programmes implemented in China are all linked to commitments made by world leaders at key international conferences on development, including the International Conference on Population (1984), the International Conference on Population and Development (1994), the Fourth World Conference on Women (1995), the Millennium Summit (2000), the World Summit (2005), and the regular review meetings of these key conferences.
Currently UNFPA works in China in four key areas: